Learn Ujjayi Pranayama: A Yoga Breathing Technique for Relaxation and Stress Relief

In this article, we will explore the practice of Ujjayi Pranayama, a yoga breathing technique that has been passed down for centuries. Ujjayi Pranayama is a simple yet powerful practice that can help you relax, relieve stress, and promote a sense of well-being. In this article, we will guide you through the steps of Ujjayi Pranayama and explain its benefits.

The Elements of Ujjayi Pranayama

There are a few important elements to understand when practicing Ujjayi Pranayama. First, you will need to use a pranayama mudra with your right hand. This mudra involves pulling the first two fingers down and pressing the last two fingers up. Although it may feel awkward at first, this mudra is highly functional and will benefit your practice in the long run.

The second important element of Ujjayi Pranayama is creating the ujjayi sound, also known as the victorious sound, in the back of your throat. By constricting the glottis in the back of your throat, you can produce a slight whisper sound. This sound should be barely audible and should come from the back of your throat, not from your nose.

Lastly, Ujjayi Pranayama involves a technique called jalandhara bandha, or the chin lock. This technique requires you to lift your chest to your chin and drop your chin towards your chest while pinching your nose. This firm press on your nose stimulates the mammalian dive reflex and puts pressure on your vagus nerve, promoting relaxation.

The Breathing Pattern

The breathing pattern of Ujjayi Pranayama is as follows:

  1. Inhale with the ujjayi sound through both nostrils for a count of four.
  2. Lock and hold your chin to your chest for a count of four.
  3. Lift your chin and exhale only through your left nostril for a count of four.

It is recommended to practice Ujjayi Pranayama in rounds of ten. This breathing pattern, with its emphasis on slow, deep breathing and left nostril dominance, activates the parasympathetic nervous system and promotes relaxation. It is particularly helpful for relieving stress and aiding in sleep.


Ujjayi Pranayama is a valuable tool for relaxation and stress relief. By incorporating this practice into your daily routine, you can experience the benefits of slow, deep breathing and activate your body's relaxation response. Remember to start slow, with ten rounds of Ujjayi Pranayama, and gradually increase as you become more comfortable.

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