Understanding and Managing Narcissistic Personalities in the Workplace
The Rise of Narcissism in Today's Society
Narcissism, a term derived from Greek mythology, has become increasingly prevalent in our modern culture. This article explores the impact of narcissistic personalities in the workplace and provides strategies for effectively managing them.
The Different Types of Narcissists
Not all narcissists are the same. Pathological narcissists, who make up approximately 1% of the population, have narcissistic personality disorder and can be highly disruptive in the workplace. Extreme narcissists, comprising 6-10% of the population, are toxic individuals best avoided. Garden variety narcissists, on the other hand, can be manageable and even possess positive qualities.
The Influence of Culture and Parenting
The rise of narcissism can be attributed to our individualistic and introspective post-war culture. Parenting techniques have also changed, with children receiving excessive praise and limited opportunities for free play. The early exposure to media further contributes to the development of narcissistic traits.
Hiring and Screening for Narcissistic Personalities
When hiring, it is crucial to be aware of the existence of narcissistic personality types. By identifying these individuals during the screening process, businesses can avoid hiring the most toxic ones. Additionally, focusing not only on job skills but also on personal skills that complement the role can help leverage the strengths of narcissistic individuals.
Creating a Positive Work Environment
Strong leadership is essential in managing narcissistic personalities. By empowering leaders and fostering a clan-like environment, where group success is prioritized, businesses can harness the potential of these individuals. Regular feedback, praise, and incentives are also crucial for maintaining their engagement and productivity.
Setting Expectations and Accountability
Clear expectations regarding job skills and workplace behavior should be established. Specific examples and frequent reinforcement help ensure that employees understand what is required of them. Accountability at all levels, including the CEO, is necessary, and a disciplinary process should be in place to address any misconduct.
Cultivating a Thriving Workforce
By effectively managing narcissistic personalities and creating a supportive work environment, businesses can cultivate a workforce where all employees can thrive. Consistency, documentation, and a focus on morale are key elements in achieving this goal.